The Emergency Response Mechanism (ERM) is a rapid response facility funded by the Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (DG ECHO) to provide immediate, life-saving assistance to shock-affected populations - primarily through multi-purpose cash, protection, and WASH assistance. The ERM is currently implemented by partners across 33 of Afghanistan's 34 provinces. Started in 2011, the ERM is now in its 10th iteration, currently, with 5 partners including DRC, IRC, ACTED, REACH, and DACAAR. As of May 2020, the ERM has moved to a consortium model with DRC as the lead agency alongside IRC, ACTED, and REACH
The ERM is a rapid response facility designed to cover the basic survival needs of most-vulnerable populations for a period of 2 months. Assistance is need-based and determined according to an agreed set of vulnerability criteria. To qualify, households meet the following criteria:
· Shock/displaced within 3 or fewer months
· Reach a threshold vulnerability score assessed through the Household Emergency Assessment Tool (HEAT)
ERM partners participate in joint-assessments and integrate a protection approach utilizing a rapid protection assessment. Current ERM interventions prioritize interventions in rural areas, however, urban caseloads are assisted in conjunction with other humanitarian actors in both urban and rural contexts, beneficiaries are targeted according to the ERM selection criteria.